The Eastern Question 1774-1923

Ref: C2345807

A broadly chronological structure will be followed spanning 150 years of international politics. The importance of diplomacy, war, economics, religion, culture and political ideology will be considered. Each session will include the study and discussion of significant historical documents. Also, one session will include a role-play game of the 1878 Congress of Berlin with teams of students representing each of the European ‘Great Powers’. Students will be encouraged to consider the different answers to the ‘Eastern Question’ that were considered, as well as its continued contemporary relevance. 1. The Ottoman Empire & the Eastern Question 2. The Ottomans & the Great Powers in the 18th Century. 3. Napoleon in Egypt & the Greek War of Independence, 1792 - 1832. [HALF TERM BREAK] 4. Mehmet Ali in Egypt & the Crimean War, 1832 - 1856. 5. Eastern Crisis to Eastern Question, 1856 – 1914. 6. First World War & Peace Settlements, 1914 – 1923. 7. Aftermath & Assessment.

Course aim

To explore the violent decline and fall of the Ottoman Empire and to examine how this led to the creation of the modern ‘Middle East’. Was a more peaceful answer to this ‘Eastern Question’ ever possible?

Do I need any particular skills or experience?

  • This course is for beginners and improvers
  • Introductory talks with slide-shows will be consolidated with comprehension and interpretation activities including small-group work in Zoom ‘break-out rooms’. Additional material including links to further online viewing, listening and reading will be provided via the Canvas online platform.

By the end of the course I should be able to:

  • Give a brief description of the development of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Describe some of the problems and challenges of Ottoman rule, as well as the various attempts at revival and reform.
  • Compare and contrast the different interests of the European ‘Great Powers’.
  • Assess the consequences of the fall of the Ottoman Empire.

How will I be taught?

What kind of feedback can I expect?

What else do I need to know?

You will need an internet connection, e-mail address, speakers, a microphone and a webcam so that you can use Zoom video conferencing and our Canvas video learning platform. For information about Zoom and Canvas please visit:

Pre-course work, reading and information sources

What can I do next?

View full course information sheet

The Eastern Question 1774-1923


As a registered charity, and to meet our funders’ requirements, we need to check a few things with you before you enrol. Please check the details below to ensure you meet the basic eligibility critiera:

  • You are paying the standard fee (with a credit or debit card) or you are on any of the qualifying benefits
  • You have a valid email address so that you can receive confirmation of your booking
  • You have been resident in the UK, EU or EEA for the last 3 years
  • You are aged 19 years or older on 1st September 2021
  • You declare that the address you provide is correct and that you will provide evidence of this and your eligibility to live and work in the UK
  • You have read and accept our standard terms and conditions

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